|Title||Biogeography and evolution of body size in marine plankton|
|List of authors||Daniela N. Schmidt1, David Lazarus2, Jeremy R. Young3, Michal Kucera1|
- Department of Geology, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, TW20 0EX, UK
- Museum für Naturkunde, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, Invalidenstrasse 43, 10115 Berlin, Germany
- Palaeontology Department, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK
|Contact email for the lead firstname.lastname@example.org|
|200 word (maximum) main text. ||Body size is a central feature of any organism, reflecting its physiology, ecology and evolutionary history. Marine microplankton are major contributors to the particulate inorganic carbonate (foraminifers and coccolithophorids) and opal flux (radiolaria and diatoms) in the ocean and, hence, size changes in these organisms can influence global biogeochemical cycles. This paper discusses abiotic influences on micro- and macroecological size changes among major marine plankton groups, linking these to evolutionary size changes during the Neogene. We review the patterns and outline the causes of size changes geographically and through time in coccolithophorids, foraminifers and radiolarians. |
The main feature of the Neogene size record is a dramatic size increase in foraminifers, a similarly dramatic reduction in the size range of coccolithophorids and highly variable size patterns in radiolarians. We argue that the observed pattern is too complex to be explained by a simple common forcing and propose that speculations on the response of oceanic biomineralisation to global warming have to consider the scales at which marine plankton evolve.
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